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MN State Standards

A. Civic Values, Skills, Rights and Responsibilities
The student will understand the scope and limits of rights, the relationship among them, and how they are secured.
1. Students will analyze the meaning and importance of rights in the U.S. Constitution and
the Bill of Rights, and subsequent amendments, and in the Minnesota Constitution.
2. Students will describe the expansion of protection of individual rights through legislative
action and court interpretation.
3. Students will understand equal protection and due process and analyze landmark Supreme
Court Cases’ use of the 14th Amendment to apply the Bill of Rights to the states.

The student will know how citizenship is defined, established, and exercised and how it has changed over time.
1. Students will define citizenship and describe the processes by which individuals become
United States citizens.
2. Students will compare the rights and responsibilities of U.S. citizens with the rights
and responsibilities of non-citizens in the United States and describe changes in citizenship since 1870.

The student will analyze various methods of civic engagement needed to fulfill responsibilities of a citizen of a republic.
1. Students will demonstrate the ability to use the print and electronic media to do research and
analyze data.
2. Students will compare, contrast, and evaluate various forms of political persuasion for validity,
accuracy, ideology, emotional appeals, bias and prejudice.
3. Students will know and analyze the points of access and influence people can use to affect
elections and public policy decisions.
4. Students will understand the importance of informed decision making and the roles of
public speaking, conducting a public meeting, letter writing, petition signing, negotiation,
active listening, conflict resolution, and mediation, defending a public policy position in
a civil conversation.

B. Beliefs and Principles of United States Democracy
The student will demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the
principles upon which the U.S. government is based.

1. Students will define and provide examples of fundamental principles and core values of
American political and civic life.
2. Students will evaluate how the Constitution both preserves fundamental societal values and
responds to changing circumstances and beliefs.
3. Students will evaluate how well the federal and state governments protect individual rights
and promote the general welfare .
4. Students will compare the philosophy, structure, and operations of governments of other
countries with the U.S. government.

The student will know sources of power and authority of United States

1. Students will analyze the sources of authority and explain popular sovereignty, or consent of
the governed, as the source of legitimate
2. Delegated and Enumerated powers, Implied powers (Necessary and Proper